4.2V polymer all-solid-state lithium batteries enabled by high- concentration PEO solid electrolytes

Z Xiong and ZX Wang and W Zhou and Q Liu and JF Wu and TH Liu and CH Xu and JL Liu, ENERGY STORAGE MATERIALS, 57, 171-179 (2023).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ensm.2023.02.008

Polyethylene oxide (PEO) solid electrolytes (SEs) are practicable in all-solid-state lithium batteries (ASSLBs) with high safety for driving electric vehicles. However, the low oxidative decomposition potential (below 4 V) of normal PEO SEs rules out high-voltage (>= 4.2 V) cathodes in PEO-based ASSLBs with sacrificed energy densities. Herein, high- concentration PEO SEs (EO:Li+ <= 6:1) possessing high oxidation potentials (>5 V vs. Li/Li+) are designed based on concentrated-salt chemistry with oxidation potential surging incessantly with increasing the degree of coordinated EO. Thereby, double-layered SEs with PEO(EO:Li=4:1) on the cathode side and PEO(EO: Li=16:1) on the anode side are designed to resist oxidation and bate interfacial impedance. Coupled with 4.2 V -class LiCoO2 and LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2, the ASSLBs using SEs exhibit enhanced stable cycling performances when charged to 4.2 V and 4.4 V at 60 degrees C. As revealed by the Wagner-type model and Raman spectra, high -concentration PEO SE could suppress the interfacial degradation kinetics, the production of electronic conduc- tion in the cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI) and the irreversible phase-change of LiCoO2 to Co3O4. All these contribute to the improved electrochemical performance of PEO/LiCoO2 system with high-volage, offering a potential pathway toward high-voltage stable polymer electrolytes for high-energy-density lithium batteries.

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