Influence of an N,N,N-Trimethyl-1-adamantyl Ammonium (TMAda plus ) Structure Directing Agent on Al Distributions and Pair Features in Chabazite Zeolite
XY Wang and YJ Wang and A Moini and R Gounder and EJ Maginn and WF Schneider, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS (2022).
While organic structure directing agents (OSDAs) are well known to have a directional influence on the topology of a crystallizing zeolite, the relationship between OSDA charge and siting of aliovalent ions on a primarily siliceous framework is unclear. Here, we explore the relationship between OSDA orientation, Al3+ siting, and lattice energy, taking as a model system CHA zeolite occluded with N,N,N-trimethyl-1-adamantyl ammonium (TMAda+) at a Si/Al ratio of 11/1. We use density functional theory calculations to parametrize a fixed- charge classical model describing van der Waals and electrostatic interactions between the framework and OSDA. We enumerate and explore all possible combinations of OSDA orientation and Al location (attending to Lo''wenstein's rule) within a 36 T-site supercell. We find that interaction energies vary over 60 kJ/double-six-ring-unit (d6r). Further, analysis of configurations reveals that energies are sensitive to Al-Al proximity, such that low energies are associated with Al3+ pairs in 8-membered rings and higher energies are associated with Al3+ pairs in smaller 6-and 4-membered rings. Comparisons with Al siting inferred from CHA zeolite crystallized with TMAda+ suggest that these computed interaction energies are useful reporters of observed Al siting in CHA synthesized with TMAda+.
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