Boiling line and near-critical maxima of propane-nitrogen mixtures

YD Fomin, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 106, 064102 (2022).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.106.064102

It is well known that some thermodynamic quantities demonstrate maxima in the vicinity of a critical point. The lines of these maxima in the density-temperature or pressure-temperature planes are called "Widom lines." The behavior of Widom lines of one-component fluids has already been well studied in a number of papers by different authors. However, up to now the understanding of Widom lines in binary mixtures is still lacking. In this paper we study the boiling curve and the near-critical maxima of mixtures of nitrogen and propane by means of molecular dynamics simulation. We calculate the boiling curves and estimate the critical temperatures in a set of concentrations from pure nitrogen to pure propane. The influence of the composition of the mixture on the Widom lines of the system is evaluated. We find that the mixture of propane and nitrogen behaves as a type I mixture in the van Konynenburg- Scott classification, i.e., when the concentration is changed, the critical point and the corresponding Widom lines continuously shift in the density-temperature plane.

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