Shear-induced amorphization in nanocrystalline NiTi micropillars under large plastic deformation

P Hua and B Wang and C Yu and YL Han and QP Sun, ACTA MATERIALIA, 241, 118358 (2022).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2022.118358

Shear-induced amorphization is a phenomenon observed in polycrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys un-der severe plastic deformation, but the underlying mechanism of such a microstructural change remains elusive. To study the isothermal large-strain plastic deformation behavior and the associated mechanisms, uniaxial compression is performed on nanocrystalline NiTi cuboidal micropillars with initial grain sizes of 35 and 110 nm. It is found that the micropillars demonstrate high deformability with plastic strains up to 110% via shear-induced amorphization. It is shown that plastic strain localization in shear bands of the 35 nm-grain-size sample prompts notable amorphization up to an area fraction of 90% and crys-tal refinement down to 5 nm. High- resolution transmission electron microscope and molecular dynam-ics simulations reveal that the shear-induced amorphization starts from the local martensite phase near grain boundaries through accumulation of crystalline defects. The amorphization can lead to a reduc-tion in the crystal size and an increase in the plastic flow stress. The large plastic deformation of the nanocrystalline NiTi micropillars via shear- induced amorphization is enabled by the suppression of crack nucleation through dynamic recovery of nanovoids. Our work provides new perspectives for producing crystalline-amorphous nanostructures in shape memory alloys at small scale.(c) 2022 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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