Machine learning-generated TIP4P-BGWT model for liquid and supercooled water

J Wang and YG Zheng and HW Zhang and HF Ye, JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS, 367, 120459 (2022).

DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2022.120459

Accurately calculating the crucial physical properties of liquid and supercooled water is quite challenging by molecular simulations owing to limited model parameters. Machine learning (ML) techniques and temperature-dependent parameters provide a path to efficiently reparametrize TIP4P model. Here, 7000 molecular dynamics (MD) samples for liquid and supercooled water from 253 K to 373 K are gen-erated to train the back-propagation neural network with better generalization ability. This network could rapidly and accurately provide adequate data for genetic algorithm to reparametrize the molecular model without extra time-consuming molecular simulations. Based on the proposed optimized approach, a water model TIP4P-BGWT with temperature-dependent model parameters is established. It exhibits excellent predictive performance with comprehensive balance for the four crucial physical properties (density, vaporization enthalpy, self-diffusion coefficient and viscosity) of water. The corresponding mean absolute percentage error is 3.26 %, which is lower than the existing water models. Furthermore, the calculated results of the temperature of maximum density, thermal expansion coefficient, isothermal compressibility, surface tension, radial distribution function and the average number of hydrogen bonds per molecule are also in good consistent with experiments. It is notable that the established water model exhibits excellent performance for the supercooled water. The present study offers an accurate numerical model of liquid and supercooled water for the molecular simulation-based researches on the nanoflow, nanodroplet, interfacial fluids and bio- molecular systems, etc. (c) 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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