An Overview of the Oil plus Brine Two-Phase System in the Presence of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Their Mixture
AKN Nair and MFAC Ruslan and RH Cui and SY Sun, INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 61, 17766-17782 (2022).
An overview of the molecular simulation studies of the oil+brine two- phase system in the presence of CO2, CH4, and their mixture at geological conditions is presented. The simulation results agreed well with the experimental results and the density gradient theory predictions on the basis of the cubic-plus-association equation of state (CPA EoS) (withDebye-Huckel electrostatic term) and the perturbed chain statistical associating fluid theory (PC-SAFT) EoS. The interfacial tension (IFT) of the alkane+H2O system showed almost a linear increase with an increasing number of carbon atoms in the alkane molecule. These IFTs are approximately equal for linear, branched, and cyclic alkanes. Here, the negative surface excess of the alkanes might explain the increase in the IFTs with an increase in the pressure. The surface excesses of the alkanes increased with decreasing temperature. This may explain the decrease of the slopes in the IFT versus pressure plot with a decrease in the temperature. The IFT behavior of the alkane+water+CH4/CO2 system was found to be similar to that observed for the alkane+water system. The addition of CO2 had a more significant influence on the IFT than the addition of CH4. Here, CH4 and CO2 exhibited a positive surface excess. The negative surface excess of the salt ions probably explains the increase in the IFTs of the alkane+brine system with increasing salt content. The solubilities of CH4 and/or CO2 in the H2O-rich phase of the alkane+brine+CH4/CO2 system increased with decreasing salt content (salting-out effect). The IFT of the aromatic hydrocarbon+H2O system is much lower than that of the alkane+H2O system. The surface excess followed the order o-xylene > ethylbenzene > toluene > benzene for the aromatic hydrocarbon+H2O system. This trend has a direct correlation with the aromatic-aromatic interaction.
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