The effect of defect and substitution on barocaloric performance of neopentylglycol plastic crystals

FB Li and C Niu and X Xu and M Li and H Wang, APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 121, 223902 (2022).

DOI: 10.1063/5.0131123

Plastic crystal neopentylglycol (NPG, C5H12O2) has become an important candidate material in the future solid-state refrigeration field due to its huge colossal barocaloric effects near room temperature. However, NPG encounters significant shortcomings in practical cooling process that hinders its further application. Here, we systematically investigate the effect of defects and substituting a small amount of additional alien molecules on the barocaloric performance of NPG plastic crystals. It is found that low concentration of defects and substitution moderately affect the isothermal entropy, adiabatic temperature, and thermal hysteresis of NPG. Importantly, the substituted carbon nanotubes significantly enhance the thermal conductivity by more than one order of magnitude, arising from structural-modification enhanced acoustic phonons. Using dimensionless variable, we define the comprehensive cooling performance that represents the most promising working materials for barocaloric refrigeration. The present work provides important guidance on improving the barocaloric performance of NPG as prototypical plastic crystals for practical cooling applications. Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing.

Return to Publications page