Modulating the mass sensitivity of graphene resonators via kirigami

PC Zhu and H Zhang and XB Zhang and W Cao and Q Wang, NANOTECHNOLOGY, 33, 485504 (2022).

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/ac8c9b

The unique mechanical properties of graphene make it an excellent candidate for resonators. We have used molecule dynamic to simulate the resonance process of graphene. The kirigami approach was introduced to improve the mass sensitivity of graphene sheets. Three geometric parameters governing the resonant frequency and mass sensitivity of Kirigami graphene NEMS were defined. The simulation results show that the closer the kirigami defect is to the center of the drum graphene, the higher the mass sensitivity of the graphene. The kirigami graphene shows up to about 2.2 times higher mass sensitivity compared to pristine graphene. Simultaneously, the kirigami graphene has a higher out-of- plane amplitude and easy access to nonlinear vibrations, leading to higher mass sensitivity. Besides, the kirigami structure can restrict the diffusion of gold atoms on graphene under high initial velocity or large tension condition. It is evident that a reasonable defect design can improve the sensitivity and stability of graphene for adsorption mass.

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