Thermophysical properties of FLiBe using moment tensor potentials

S Attarian and D Morgan and I Szlufarska, JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS, 368, 120803 (2022).

DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2022.120803

Fluoride salts are prospective materials for applications in some next- generation nuclear reactors and their thermophysical properties at various conditions are of interest. Experimental measurement of the properties of these salts is often difficult and, in some cases, unfeasible due to challenges from high tem-peratures, impurity control, and corrosivity. Therefore, accurate theoretical methods are needed for flu-oride salt property prediction. In this work, we used moment tensor potentials (MTP) to approximate the potential energy surface of eutectic FLiBe (66.6% LiF - 33.3% BeF2) predicted by the ab initio (DFT-D3) method. We then used the developed potential and molecular dynamics to obtain several thermophysical properties of FLiBe, including radial distribution functions, density, self-diffusion coefficients, thermal expansion, specific heat capacity, bulk modulus, viscosity, and thermal conductivity. Our results show that the MTP potential approximates the potential energy surface accurately and the overall approach yields very good agreement with experimental values. The converged fitting can be obtained with less than 600 configurations generated from DFT calculations, which data can be generated in just 1200 core hours on today's typical processors. The MTP potential is faster than many machine learning potentials and about one order of magnitude slower than widely used empirical molten salt potentials such as Tosi/Fumi.(c) 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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