One Dimensional Twisted Van der Waals Structures Constructed by Self- Assembling Graphene Nanoribbons on Carbon Nanotubes

K Zhou and LY Wang and RJ Wang and CY Wang and C Tang, MATERIALS, 15, 8220 (2022).

DOI: 10.3390/ma15228220

Twisted van der Waals heterostructures were recently found to possess unique physical properties, such as superconductivity in magic angle bilayer graphene. Owing to the nonhomogeneous stacking, the energy of twisted van der Waals heterostructures are often higher than their AA or AB stacking counterpart, therefore, fabricating such structures remains a great challenge in experiments. On the other hand, one dimensional (1D) coaxial van der Waals structures has less freedom to undergo phase transition, thus offer opportunity for fabricating the 1D cousin of twisted bilayer graphene. In this work, we show by molecular dynamic simulations that graphene nanoribbons can self-assemble onto the surface of carbon nanotubes driven by van der Waals interactions. By modifying the size of the carbon nanotubes or graphene nanoribbons, the resultant configurations can be controlled. Of particular interest is the formation of twisted double walled carbon nanotubes whose chiral angle difference can be tuned, including the 1.1 degrees magic angle. Upon the longitudinal unzipping of such structures, twisted bilayer graphene nanoribbons can be obtained. As the longitudinal unzipping of carbon nanotubes is a mature technique, we expect the strategy proposed in this study to stimulate experimental efforts and promote the fast growing research in twistronics.

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