Local nanoflow field produced by the bladed rotor in a rotation transmission nanosystem in water environments
K Cai and PW Wu and QH Qin, MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING B-ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL SOLID-STATE MATERIALS, 286, 116046 (2022).
A rotation transmission nanosystem (RTnS) is an essential component of a nanomachine for transferring an input rotational frequency (omega M) into an output frequency (omega R) via a nanobearing. The ratio of omega R to omega M illustrates the rotation transmission efficiency (RTE) of the system. In this study, a bladed rotor in an RTnS is driven to rotate in a water box. Using the molecular dynamics simulation approach, the water-rotor interaction is investigated. The nanoflow field in the water box is traced. Some remarkable conclusions have been drawn for the design of the nanosystems potentially applied in a nanomachine. For example, the present rotor with uniformly assembled blades guarantees a stable rotation transmission when volume fraction of water Vf > 50%. RTE can be accurately controlled by adjusting the height of the blades. The average rotational frequency of the water cluster is much lower than that of the rotor. When 100% > Vf > 50%, the bubble has breathing vibration that produces the second-order basic frequency of the water cluster.
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