Porous amorphous nitinol synthesized by argon injection: a molecular dynamics study

AA Tsygankov and BN Galimzyanov and AV Mokshin, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS- CONDENSED MATTER, 34, 414003 (2022).

DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/ac8512

Porous crystalline nitinol is widely applied in various fields of science and technology due to the unique combination of physical and mechanical properties as well as biocompatibility. Porous amorphous nitinol is characterized by improved mechanical properties compared to its crystalline analogues. Moreover, this material is more promising from the point of view of fundamental study and practical application. The production of porous amorphous nitinol is a difficult task requiring rapid cooling protocol and optimal conditions to form a stable porous structure. In the present work, based on the results of molecular dynamics simulations, we show that porous nitinol with the amorphous matrix can be obtained by injection of argon into a liquid melt followed by rapid cooling of the resulting mixture. We find that the porosity of the system increases exponentially with increasing fraction of injected argon. It has been established that the system should contain about similar to 18%-23% argon for obtain an open porous structure, while the system is destroyed by overheated inert gas when the argon fraction is more than similar to 23%. It is shown that the method of argon injection makes it possible to obtain a highly porous system with the porosity similar to 70% consisting the spongy porous structure similar to aerogels and metallic foams.

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