Molecular dynamics simulations to understand the mechanical behavior of functional gradient nano-gyroid structures

R Dai and DW Li and WH Liao and HF Sun and YL Tang and Q Nian, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 132, 135109 (2022).

DOI: 10.1063/5.0102297

Gyroid structure, a nature inspired cellular architecture, is under extensive exploration recently due to its structure continuity, uniform stress distribution under compression, and stable collapse mechanism during deformation. However, when combining with a functional gradient, the Gyroid structure can perform much different mechanical behavior from its homogeneous counterpart. Herein, bottom-up computational modeling is performed to investigate the mechanics of functional gradient nano- gyroid structure made of copper (Cu). Our work reveals that its mechanical properties degrade with a density that is much slower than those of homogeneous gyroid structure. The scaling of yield strength (sigma(y) ) to the relative density (rho') for the functional gradient gyroid structure is in the factor of 1.5. Moreover, the layer-by-layer collapsing mechanism yields significantly better mechanical energy absorption ability. This study not only leads to insightful understanding of the deformation mechanisms in nonuniform gyroid structures but also promotes the development of the functional gradient cellular materials. Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing.

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