The interfacial thermal conductance spectrum in nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations considering anharmonicity, asymmetry and quantum effects
YX Xu and LN Yang and YG Zhou, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 24, 24503-24513 (2022).
Interfacial thermal transport is critical for many thermal-related applications such as heat dissipation in electronics. While the total interfacial thermal conductance (ITC) can be easily measured or calculated, the ITC spectral mapping has been investigated only recently and is not fully understood. By combining nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations and atomistic Green's function method, we systematically investigate the ITC spectrum across an ideal interface, i.e., the argon/heavy argon interface. Our results show that the ITC increases gradually with temperature as more phonons and anharmonic scattering channels are activated, e.g., the vibrations with frequencies larger than 1 THz can contribute 5% (15%) to the total ITC at 2 K (40 K) through anharmonic phonon scattering channels. We further find that the ITC spectrum from the left interfacial Hamiltonian is quite different from that of the right interfacial Hamiltonian, which stems from the asymmetry of anharmonic phonon scatterings caused by the dissimilar vibrational properties of the two interfacial contacts. While all the phonons are involved in the anharmonic scatterings for the heavy argon interfacial Hamiltonian, the phonons involved in the anharmonic phonon scatterings from the argon interfacial Hamiltonians are mainly the vibrations with frequency smaller than 1 THz (i.e., the cut-off frequency of heavy argon). Finally, we found that the quantum effect is important for the ITC spectrum at low temperatures, e.g., below 30 K in our systems. Our findings are also applicable to other interfaces, e.g., Si/Ge interfaces. Our study here systematically investigates the influence of anharmonicity, asymmetry, and quantum effects on the ITC spectrum, which is critical for designing and optimizing interfaces for better performance.
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