Limiting velocities and transonic dislocations in Mg
K Dang and DN Blaschke and S Fensin and DJ Luscher, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 215, 111786 (2022).
To accurately predict the mechanical response of materials, especially at high strain rates, it is important to account for dislocation velocities in these regimes. Under these extreme conditions, it has been hypothesized that dislocations can move faster than the speed of sound. However, the presence of such dislocations remains elusive due to challenges associated with measuring these experimentally. In this work, molecular dynamics simulations were used to investigate the dislocation velocities for the basal edge, basal screw, prismatic edge, and prismatic screw dislocations in Mg in the sub-, trans-, and supersonic regimes. Our results show that only prismatic edge dislocations achieve supersonic velocities. Furthermore, this work demonstrates that the discrepancy between the theoretical limiting velocity and the MD results for Mg is due to its sensitivity to large hydrostatic stress around the dislocation core, which was not the case for fcc metals such as Cu.
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