Thermal conductivity of the popgraphene monolayer tailored by strain and defect: A molecular dynamics study

TY Jiang and RY Xiong and TL Huang and MY Li and Y Zhang and HM Zhou, DIAMOND AND RELATED MATERIALS, 130, 109409 (2022).

DOI: 10.1016/j.diamond.2022.109409

As a new carbon allotrope, popgraphene comprising of 5-8-5 carbon rings has attracted great attention due to its extraordinary properties for its promising device applications, including the next-generation high- performance electronics, nano-electromechanical (NEMS) systems as well as nanocomposites. Herein, the thermal properties of popgraphene have been systematically studied via reverse non-equilibrium molecular dynamic and phonon spectrum analysis, focusing on size, strain, temperature, and defect effects. The in-plane thermal conductivity along the zigzag (x) direction is much higher than that along the armchair (y) direction at the same length, indicating a strong anisotropy. The thermal conductivity can be modulated by external strain, and it has a similar to T-0.37 dependence on temperature from 100 to 500 K. Additionally, the existence of defect can significantly decrease the thermal conductivity due to the suppressed in-plane phonon vibration in the high-frequency region. The findings provide helpful guidance in modulating the thermal conductivity of popgraphene, which is important for thermal management in NEMS applications.

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