CHARMM-GUI Implicit Solvent Modeler for Various Generalized Born Models in Different Simulation Programs
KW Wang and JM Lee and H Zhang and D Suh and W Im, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 126, 7354-7364 (2022).
Implicit solvent models are widely used because they are advantageous to speed up simulations by drastically decreasing the number of solvent degrees of freedom, which allows one to achieve long simulation time scales for large system sizes. CHARMM-GUI, a web-based platform, has been developed to support the setup of complex multicomponent molecular systems and prepare input files. This study describes an Implicit Solvent Modeler (ISM) in CHARMM-GUI for various generalized Born (GB) implicit solvent simulations in different molecular dynamics programs such as AMBER, CHARMM, GENESIS, NAMD, OpenMM, and Tinker. The GB models available in ISM include GB-HCT, GB-OBC, GB-neck, GBMV, and GBSW with the CHARMM and Amber force fields for protein, DNA, RNA, glycan, and ligand systems. Using the system and input files generated by ISM, implicit solvent simulations of protein, DNA, and RNA systems produce similar results for different simulation packages with the same input information. Protein-ligand systems are also considered to further validate the systems and input files generated by ISM. Simple ligand root-mean-square deviation (RMSD) and molecular mechanics generalized Born surface area (MM/GBSA) calculations show that the performance of implicit simulations is better than docking and can be used for early stage ligand screening. These reasonable results indicate that ISM is a useful and reliable tool to provide various implicit solvent simulation applications.
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