CO2/CH4 Separation via Carbon-Based Membrane: The Dynamic Role of Gas- Membrane Interface

SS Wang and ZR Cao and LC Li and NH Wu and LL Huang and SL Zuo and XH Lu, LANGMUIR, 38, 11274-11283 (2022).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.2c01333

Membrane separation is considered one of the most promising CO2/CH4 separation technologies currently available because it is a safe, environment-friendly, and economical method. However, the inability of membrane materials to reconcile the trade-off between permeability and permeation selectivity limits their further applications; moreover, the mechanism underlying this process is unclear, which is mainly determined by the performance of gas adsorption and diffusion. Therefore, this paper describes the effect of gas adsorption and diffusion on membrane separation by assessing the fundamental gas-membrane and gas-gas interactions. Combining molecular simulation methods (Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation) and a thermodynamic model called "linearized nonequilibrium thermodynamic transfer model", we investigate the permeability and permeation selectivity for CO2/CH4 in five carbon- based membranes and propose a general method for screening membrane materials. The interaction-dominated mechanism derived in this work provides new insights into membrane separation and facilitates the screening of high-performance membrane materials.

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