Overlaying Monolayer Metal-Organic Framework on PtSe2-Based Gas Sensor for Tuning Selectivity

SR Cho and DH Kim and M Jeon and R Pragya and M Gyeon and Y Kim and MK Jo and SW Song and JY Park and J Kim and ID Kim and KB Kang, ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, 32, 2207265 (2022).

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202207265

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have attracted significant interest as gas-sensing materials due to their unique crystal structure and surface. However, there are still issues when it comes to expanding the types of sensing gases for the TMD gas sensors. To extend gas- sensing selectivity for the TMD gas sensors in this work, a monolayer (ML) 2D metal-organic framework (MOF) is introduced on top of the PtSe2 gas sensor, thereby tuning the major sensing analyte of PtSe2 from NO2 to H2S. Density functional theory calculations elucidate that the metal species of ML MOFs are attributed to the tuned selectivity of the analytes, based on the difference in binding energies. It is also demonstrated that ML MOF maintained the high responsivity of the pristine PtSe2 even at a low concentration of gas (200 ppb). This is further confirmed through the molecular dynamics simulations, which reveal that the ML feature of the ML MOF is highly essential to preserve the intrinsic ultra-low limit detection properties of pristine PtSe2.

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