Atomistic modeling of LiF microstructure ionic conductivity and its influence on nucleation and plating

L Alzate-Vargas and KSN Vikrant and S Allu and JL Fattebert, PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, 6, 095402 (2022).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.6.095402

The formation and degradation of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) and its underlying transport properties play an essential role in the overall performance of lithium-ion batteries. This paper presents classical molecular dynamics studies on polycrystalline inorganic lithium fluoride (LiF) layers to model and predict the SEI transport properties. The ionic conductivity is obtained from the lithium-ion diffusivity in polycrystalline structures of LiF using the Nernst- Einstein relation. The predicted molecular dynamics data are used in a continuum scale phase-field model to evaluate the plating kinetics under fast charging conditions. The analysis emphasizes that the SEI ionic conductivity properties impact the plating dynamics, where SEI's low ion conductivity value is prone to large plating and subsequent capacity degradation. The combination of atomic and continuum scale studies shown herein lays a foundation to tune in SEI transport properties to decrease the amount of lithium plating and improve the performance of fast- charging batteries.

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