Pinning of extended dislocations in atomically disordered crystals
A Vaid and DA Wei and E Bitzek and S Nasiri and M Zaiser, ACTA MATERIALIA, 236, 118095 (2022).
In recent years there has been renewed interest in the behavior of dislocations in crystals that exhibit strong atomic scale disorder, as typical of compositionally complex single phase alloys. The behavior of dislocations in such crystals has been often studied in the framework of elastic manifold pinning in disordered systems. Here we discuss modifications of this framework that may need to be adapted when dealing with extended dislocations that split into widely separated partials. We demonstrate that the presence of a stacking fault gives rise to an additional stress scale that needs to be compared with the pinning stress of elastic manifold theory to decide whether the partials are pinned individually or the dislocation is pinned as a whole. For the case of weakly interacting partial dislocations, we demonstrate the existence of multiple metastable states at stresses below the depinning threshold and analyze the stress evolution of the stacking fault width during loading. In addition we investigate how geometrical constraints can modulate the dislocation-solute interaction and enhance the pinning stress. We compare our theoretical arguments with results of atomistic and discrete (partial) dislocation dynamics (D(P)DD) simulations. (c) 2022 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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