Enhanced oxygen transport in ionomer films on platinum electrodes via a local electric field
YW Zhang and LH Fan and JQ Wang and H Deng and WY Shi and Q Du and ZJ Hou and K Jiao, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, 10, 21102-21111 (2022).
The local electric field affects the morphology of ionomer films on electrodes and thus the transport phenomena in ionomer films. Therefore, tuning the local electric field is a potential way to reduce the O-2 transport resistance in the catalyst layers of fuel cells. This is the first study to explore the transport phenomena in ionomer films at the nanoscale under a local electric field. The results show that the Pt electrodes become more hydrophilic, thereby suppressing the dense arrangement of perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA) chains that highly hinder O-2 transport under a local electric field. Moreover, the water molecules become more ordered, and the side chains of PFSA are better stretched due to the presence of the electric field. Furthermore, the agglomeration of both water molecules and PFSA molecules is suppressed by the electric field, forming an effective PFSA-water interface for O-2 transport. Therefore, the more uniform distributions of water and PFSA molecules, more hydrophilic electrodes and better stretching of PFSA side chains in a stronger electric field help form more O-2 transport paths and thus reduce the O-2 transport resistance. These findings are valuable for the fundamental understanding of transport phenomena at electrolyte-electrode interfaces under an electric field and inspire novel electrode designs with low O-2 transport resistance for fuel cells by strengthening the local electric field.
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