Two-step annealing induced structural rejuvenation: A cause for memory effect in metallic glasses
KK Qiu and XD Wang and TD Xu and QP Cao and SQ Ding and DX Zhang and KA Beyer and JZ Jiang, MATERIALS TODAY PHYSICS, 27, 100824 (2022).
The structural origin of the memory effect is still elusive in glassy materials. In this letter, the memory effect in a series of metallic glasses (MGs) is observed by two step annealing using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and molecular dynamics simulations. It demonstrates that the Kovacs peak can be reflected from not only the system potential energy but also the atomic dynamics, showing the memory effect could originate from the formation of more loose packing configurations around mobile atoms by structural rejuvenation in the second step of high temperature annealing. In contrast, the high-low temperature annealing protocol can only induce the monotonic relaxation. Therefore, our results pave a pathway to better understand the origin of memory effect in MGs and other glassy materials from their dynamics and local atomic structure.
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