Significance of Antisolvents on Solvation Structures Enhancing Interfacial Chemistry in Localized High-Concentration Electrolytes

YZ Wu and AP Wang and Q Hu and HM Liang and H Xu and L Wang and XM He, ACS CENTRAL SCIENCE (2022).

DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.2c00791

Localized high-concentration electrolytes (LHCEs) provide a new way to expand multifunctional electrolytes because of their unique physicochemical properties. LHCEs are generated when high-concentration electrolytes (HCEs) are diluted by antisolvents, while the effect of antisolvents on the lithium-ion solvation structure is negligible. Herein, using one-dimensional infrared spectroscopy and theoretical calculations, we explore the significance of antisolvents in the model electrolyte lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide/dimethyl carbonate (LiFSI/DMC) with hydrofluoroether. We clarify that the role of antisolvent is more than dilution; it is also the formation of a low- dielectric environment and intensification of the inductive effect on the C=O moiety of DMC caused by the antisolvent, which decrease the binding energy of the Li+& BULL;& BULL;& BULL;solvent and Li+& BULL;& BULL;& BULL;anion interactions. It also has beneficial effects on interfacial ion desolvation and Li+ transport. Furthermore, antisolvents also favor reducing the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level of the solvated clusters, and FSI- anions show a decreased reduction stability. Consequently, the influence of antisolvents on the interfacial chemical and electrochemical activities of solvation structures cannot be ignored. This finding introduces a new way to improve battery performance.

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