The strain-dependent interfacial thermal resistance at graphene-silicon interface under various deformation conditions

C Li and J Wang and YH Sheng and LA Yang and Y Su, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, 198, 123383 (2022).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2022.123383

Evaluating the interfacial thermal resistance is a key step in modeling the heat transport in graphene-based thermal interface materials. However, it is always a challenge to accurately estimate such quantity under residual strains which are inevitably induced during fabrication and application of such materi-als. In this study, the strain effect on the interfacial thermal resistance between graphene and silicon is systematically investigated through molecular dynamics computation. Tensile strain and compressive strain, parallel and perpendicular to the interfaces, are respectively applied to two forms of heterostruc-tures (i.e., supported graphene on Si substrate and embedded graphene between two Si substrates). The results show that the interfacial thermal resistance gradually increases as the tensile strain in graphene increases in the range of 0 to 0.1, mainly caused by the decrease in the overlap of vibrational density of states between graphene and silicon. However, there is no such monotonic increase in the interfacial thermal resistance with the overall tensile strain applied on both graphene and silicon. In addition, as the compressive strain increases, the interfacial thermal resistances under various residual tensile strains gradually decrease and converge. By analysing the contribution of graphene motion in separate directions, we found out that the out-of- plane motion dominates the interfacial heat conduction.(c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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