Unraveling the temperature-dependent plastic deformation mechanisms of polycrystalline Ta implants through numerical analysis of grain boundary dynamics
A Kardani and A Montazeri and HM Urbassek, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 57, 16490-16506 (2022).
Nanostructured tantalum (Ta)-based dental implants have recently attracted significant attention thanks to their superior biocompatibility and bioactivity as compared to their titanium-based counterparts. While the biological and chemical aspects of Ta implants have been widely studied, their mechanical features have been investigated more rarely. Additionally, the mechanical behavior of these implants and, more importantly, their plastic deformation mechanisms are still not fully understood. Accordingly, in the current research, molecular dynamics simulation as a powerful tool for probing the atomic- scale phenomena is utilized to explore the microstructural evolution of pure polycrystalline Ta samples under tensile loading conditions. Various samples with an average grain size of 2-10 nm are systematically examined using various crystal structure analysis tools to determine the underlying deformation mechanisms. The results reveal that for the samples with an average grain size larger than 8 nm, twinning and dislocation slip are the main sources of any plasticity induced within the sample. For finer-grained samples, the activity of grain boundaries- including grain elongation, rotation, migration, and sliding-are the most important mechanisms governing the plastic deformation. Finally, the temperature-dependent Hall-Petch breakdown is thoroughly examined for the nanocrystalline samples via identification of the grain boundary dynamics.
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