Temperature Effects in Flexible Adsorption Processes for Amorphous Microporous Polymers
WJ Morgan and DM Anstine and CM Colina, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 126, 6354-6365 (2022).
A collection of atomistic molecular simulations is reported that illustrate the impact of adsorption temperature on species uptake and adsorbate-induced structural rearrangement for amorphous polymers of intrinsic microporosity. Temperature-sensitive structural rearrangement is evaluated by contrasting two methods: standard grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations using a rigid framework approximation and a combined Monte Carlo/molecular dynamics approach that fully incorporates framework flexibility. We report single-component gas phase adsorption isotherms for CH4, C2H4, C2H6, C3H6, C3H8, and CO2 across a temperature range of 250-400 K for models of an archetypal polymer of intrinsic microporosity, PIM-1. A quadratic model is presented that captures two main mechanisms of temperature-dependent adsorption-induced deformation of PIM-1 up to a relative swelling of 1.15: thermal expansion and an increased propensity to swell as a function of species uptake. Two case studies are reported that highlight the critical role of operating temperature in industrial storage and separation applications. The first study focuses on methane storage and delivery applications using a pressure-temperature swing adsorption application (PTSA). We demonstrate that larger working capacities are accompanied by increased volumetric strain between adsorption-desorption steps. The second case study considers PIM-1 as an adsorbent to separate an exemplar ternary syngas mixture at operating temperatures ranging 300-550 K. A temperature threshold of similar to 400 K is identified, beyond which adsorption- induced PIM-1 swelling is negligible and the solubility selectivity- loading curve transitions to exhibiting a nearly linear relationship.
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