Nanomechanical-atomistic insights on interface interactions in asphalt mixtures with various chloride ion erosion statuses

ZW Long and LY You and F Xu and XQ Tang and YH Ding and A Khanal and Y Miao, JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, 628, 891-909 (2022).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2022.08.014

Coastal asphalt pavements are highly susceptible to sea salt erosion, which leads to a significant decrease in road performance and durability. However, the interface micro-adhesion mechanism of the asphalt -aggregate composites under chloride ion erosion is still not fully understood. Herein, using the silica microsphere Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) modified tip and asphalt sample with chloride ions as a sur-face, we report the effect mechanism of chloride ion erosion on the interface adhesion behavior of asphalt-silica composites by AFM from the atomistic scale. The chloride ion erosion mechanism was fur-ther supported by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Due to the erosion effect of chloride ions, the structure evolution of the asphalt film surface will occur, and the weak adhesion gradient zone will be formed on the surface of the asphalt film. The concentration effect of chloride ions accelerates the forma-tion of adhesion gradient zones, which are unstable and evolve over erosion time. Due to the presence of these adhesion gradient zones, water molecules will more easily penetrate the asphalt membrane and enter the asphalt-silica interface through adsorption and diffusion, thereby weakening the interface adhesion ability between the asphalt and the aggregate. Furthermore, the distribution and diffusion of asphalt fractions on the aggregate surface also affect the adhesion behavior evolution of asphalt-silica composites induced by chloride ion erosion. The evolution in the spatial distribution of fractions may be related to the formation of interfacial adhesion gradient zones. This study outcome has important the-oretical significance for promoting the sustainability of asphalt pavements and for guiding pavement deicing.(c) 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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