Defect structure classification of neutron-irradiated graphite using supervised machine learning

J Kim and G Kim and G Heo and K Chang, NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, 54, 2783-2791 (2022).

DOI: 10.1016/

Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to predict the behavior of graphite atoms under neutron irradiation using large-scale atomic/molecular massively parallel simulator (LAMMPS) package with adaptive intermolecular reactive empirical bond order (AIREBOM) potential. Defect structures of graphite were compared with results from previous studies by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The quantitative relation between primary knock-on atom (PKA) energy and irradiation damage on graphite was calculated. and the effect of PKA direction on the amount of defects is estimated by counting displaced atoms. Defects are classified into four groups: structural defects, energy defects, vacancies, and near-defect structures, where a structural defect is further subdivided into six types by decision tree method which is one of the supervised machine learning techniques. (c) 2022 Korean Nuclear Society, Published by Elsevier Korea LLC. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

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