Molecular Dynamics Study of the Influence of Nano SiO2 on the Thermodynamic Properties of PMIA Composites

BW Liu and FC Lv and XZ Fan and YX Li and BW Jiang, POLYMERS, 14, 3134 (2022).

DOI: 10.3390/polym14153134

The poly-m-phenyleneisophthalamide (PMIA) is widely used in the electrical field due to its numerous favorable characteristics, but its poor thermal conductivity limits its application. In this study, PMIA was modified with nano-silica (SiO2) to improve its thermal and mechanical properties. Using iso-phthalic acid and m-phenylenediamine as monomers, the changes in the thermodynamic properties and microstructure parameters of SiO2-modified PMIA were analyzed using molecular dynamics before and after modification in the temperature range of 250 similar to 450 K. It was found that adding SiO2 improves the Young's modulus and Shear modulus of PMIA, and the mechanical properties of PMIA, and SiO2/PMIA composites deteriorate with increasing temperature, but the mechanical properties of SiO2/PMIA composites are always better than those of pure PMIA in the temperature range of electrical equipment. Meanwhile, after doping SiO2 with the radius of 8 angstrom, the glass transition temperature of PMIA increases by 27.11 K, and its thermal conductivity increases from 0.249 W m(-1) K-1 to 0.396 W m(-1) K-1. When SiO2 is added to PMIA, the thermal expansion coefficient of PMIA will decrease in both glass and rubber states, and its thermal stability will improve. In terms of microstructure parameters, the free volume distribution of the SiO2/PMIA model is less easily dispersed than that of the PMIA model, indicating that the addition of SiO2 can improve the related properties of PMIA by hindering the movement of molecular chains.

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