Machine learning enables interpretable discovery of innovative polymers for gas separation membranes
J Yang and L Tao and JL He and JR McCutcheon and Y Li, SCIENCE ADVANCES, 8, eabn9545 (2022).
Polymer membranes perform innumerable separations with far-reaching environmental implications. Despite decades of research, design of new membrane materials remains a largely Edisonian process. To address this shortcoming, we demonstrate a generalizable, accurate machine learning (ML) implementation for the discovery of innovative polymers with ideal performance. Specifically, multitask ML models are trained on experimental data to link polymer chemistry to gas permeabilities of He, H-2, O-2, N-2, CO2, and CH4. We interpret the ML models and extract valuable insights into the contributions of different chemical moieties to permeability and selectivity. We then screen over 9 million hypothetical polymers and identify thousands that lie well above current performance upper bounds, including hundreds of never-before-seen ultrapermeable polymer membranes with O-2 and CO2 permeability greater than 10(4) and 10(5) Barrers, respectively. High-fidelity molecular dynamics simulations confirm the ML-predicted gas permeabilities of the promising candidates, which suggests that many can be translated to reality.
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