Design of lightweight and ultrastrong nanoarchitected carbon by a coarse-grained model
SH Liu and YJ Hu and Z Qin, COMPOSITES PART A-APPLIED SCIENCE AND MANUFACTURING, 161, 107066 (2022).
Cellular solids are commonly observed in nature and have wide applications in industry. While there is an unavoidable tradeoff between their weight and strength, it is feasible to use carbon nanomaterials as the constituent building blocks to guarantee both strength and lightweight. However, there is a lack of design tools to efficiently consider their hierarchical chemical structures and reveal how they relate to mechanical features. Here, we develop a coarse-grained (CG) model of covalently bonded carbon nanotube (CNT) networks. The CG model includes bead-spring chains for CNTs and nodal beads for carbon junctions. The effect of different nodal connectivities has been parameterized, yielding consistent modulus, tensile strength, and deformation with fully atomic CNT lattices. The CG model can be used to efficiently investigate the mechanics of CNT lattices and reveal their scaling law with density. We notice that all CNT lattices have specific tensile strengths 2 orders of magnitude higher than that of steel, and a larger nodal connectivity generally makes the material stiffer but weaker for the same density. The method can be effectively used to design the mechanics of CNT-based cellular solids as well as other covalently bonded network structures with a large length scale, high complexity, and varying nodal connectivity.
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