Predicting path-dependent diffusion barrier spectra in vast compositional space of multi-principal element alloys via convolutional neural networks

Z Fan and B Xing and PH Cao, ACTA MATERIALIA, 237, 118159 (2022).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2022.118159

The emergent multi-principal element alloys (MPEAs) provide a vast compositional space to search for novel materials for technological advances. How to screen promising compositions from such an ample design space for targeted properties is a grand challenge. Here, we demonstrate the state-of-the-art deep learning technology-convolutional neural network (CNN)-in predicting path-dependent vacancy migration energy barrier spectra, which are critical to diffusion behavior and many high- temperature properties, in the hyperdimensional composition space of MPEAs. The developed CNN model, fully capturing local chemical features surrounding each vacancy, accurately and efficiently predicts migration energy barrier of MPEAs with different degrees of chemical short-range order and at any unseen compositions. By varying the size of the local region encapsulating vacancy in the CNN model, we reveal that the length scale influencing vacancy migration is surprisingly extensive, up to its six nearest neighboring shells. The effort s of the CNN model make it promising for developing a database of diffusion barriers for various MPEA systems, which would have profound implications for accelerating alloy screening and discovering new compositions with desirable properties.

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