Feasibility study of Mg storage in a bilayer silicene anode via application of an external electric field

S Ahsan and A Rauf and MFN Taufique and H Al Jame and S Sarker and SS Nishat and MT Islam and AF Islam and MR Jani and MS Islam and KM Shorowordi and S Ahmed, RSC ADVANCES, 12, 20583-20598 (2022).

DOI: 10.1039/d2ra02475f

With the goal of developing a Si-based anode for Mg-ion batteries (MIBs) that is both efficient and compatible with the current semiconductor industry, the current research utilized classical Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation in investigating the intercalation of a Mg2+ ion under an external electric field (E-field) in a 2D bilayer silicene anode (BSA). First principles density functional theory calculations were used to validate the implemented EDIP potentials. Our simulation shows that there exists an optimum E-field value in the range of 0.2-0.4 V angstrom(-1) for Mg2+ intercalation in BSA. To study the effect of the E-field on Mg2+ ions, an exhaustive spread of investigations was carried out under different boundary conditions, including calculations of mean square displacement (MSD), interaction energy, radial distribution function (RDF), and trajectory of ions. Our results show that the Mg2+ ions form a stable bond with Si in BSA. The effects of E-field direction and operating temperature were also investigated. In the X-Y plane in the 0 degrees-45 degrees range, 15 degrees from the X-direction was found to be the optimum direction for intercalation. The results of this work also suggest that BSA does not undergo drastic structural changes during the charging cycles with the highest operating temperature being similar to 300 K.

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