Drag on a circular intruder traversing a shape-heterogeneous granular mixture
BK Tripura and S Kumar and VKR Anyam and KA Reddy, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 106, 014901 (2022).
The main aim of our work is to explore the effect of particle shape heterogeneity on the dynamics of an intruder moving through a two- dimensional mixture of dumbbells and disks. In spite of similar physical conditions (the mass of the dumbbell is the same as that of the disk) and the same area fraction, we noticed a significant difference in the drag experienced by the intruder as the mixture concentration varies. The propagation of stress from the intruder to the granular grains manifests in the form of force chains, and interestingly these force chains can vary significantly depending on the shape of the grains. These differences, however, appear to be suppressed in the frictionless case where the force chains cannot extend very far from the initial point of contact. Apart from particle shape, the effect of the area fraction of the system and the size of the intruder have also been explored. As the area fraction increases, the drag force on the intruder increases owing to the increase in the contact forces. Finally, we present the velocity and stress fields at different dumbbell fractions and for various intruder diameters to show the effect of the moving intruder on its surrounding particles.
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