Ultrafast Modulation of the Molten Metal Surface Tension under Femtosecond Laser Irradiation

CH Li and HT Liang and Y Yang and ZY Yu and X Zhang and XM Ma and WL Lu and ZR Sun and Y Cheng, CHINESE PHYSICS LETTERS, 39, 077901 (2022).

DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/39/7/077901

We predict ultrafast modulation of the pure molten metal surface stress fields under the irradiation of the single femtosecond laser pulse through the two-temperature model molecular-dynamics simulations. High- resolution and precision calculations are used to resolve the ultrafast laser-induced anisotropic relaxations of the pressure components on the time-scale comparable to the intrinsic liquid density relaxation time. The magnitudes of the dynamic surface tensions are found being modulated sharply within picoseconds after the irradiation, due to the development of the nanometer scale non-hydrostatic regime behind the exterior atomic layer of the liquid surfaces. The reported novel regulation mechanism of the liquid surface stress field and the dynamic surface tension hints at levitating the manipulation of liquid surfaces, such as ultrafast steering the surface directional transport and patterning.

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