Armchair Janus MoSSe Nanoribbon with Spontaneous Curling: A First- Principles Study
NZ Sun and MC Wang and RG Quhe and YM Liu and WJ Liu and ZL Guo and H Ye, NANOMATERIALS, 11, 3442 (2021).
Based on density functional theory, we theoretically investigate the electronic structures of free-standing armchair Janus MoSSe nanoribbons (A-MoSSeNR) with width up to 25.5 nm. The equilibrium structures of nanoribbons with spontaneous curling are obtained by energy minimization in molecular dynamics (MD). The curvature is 0.178 nm(-1) regardless of nanoribbon width. Both finite element method and analytical solution based on continuum theory provide qualitatively consistent results for the curling behavior, reflecting that relaxation of intrinsic strain induced by the atomic asymmetry acts as the driving force. The non-edge bandgap of curled A-MoSSeNR reduces faster with the increase of width compared with planar nanoribbons. It can be observed that the real-space wave function at the non-edge VBM is localized in the central region of the curled nanoribbon. When the curvature is larger than 1.0 nm(-1), both edge bandgap and non-edge bandgap shrink with the further increase of curvature. Moreover, we explore the spontaneous curling and consequent sewing process of nanoribbon to form nanotube (Z-MoSSeNT) by MD simulations. The spontaneously formed Z-MoSSeNT with 5.6 nm radius possesses the lowest energy. When radius is smaller than 0.9 nm, the bandgap of Z-MoSSeNT drops rapidly as the radius decreases. We expect the theoretical results can help build the foundation for novel nanoscale devices based on Janus TMD nanoribbons.
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