The initiation of shear band formation in deformed metallic glasses from soft localized domains
XY Wang and H Zhang and JF Douglas, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 155, 204504 (2021).
It has long been thought that shear band (SB) formation in amorphous solids initiates from relatively "soft " regions in the material in which large-scale non-affine deformations become localized. The test of this hypothesis requires an effective means of identifying "soft " regions and their evolution as the material is deformed to varying degrees, where the metric of "softness " must also account for the effect of temperature on local material stiffness. We show that the mean square atomic displacement on a caging timescale & lang;u(2)& rang;, the "Debye-Waller factor, " provides a useful method for estimating the shear modulus of the entire material and, by extension, the material stiffness at an atomic scale. Based on this "softness " metrology, we observe that SB formation indeed occurs through the strain-induced formation of localized soft regions in our deformed metallic glass free- standing films. Unexpectedly, the critical strain condition for SB formation occurs when the softness (& lang;u(2)& rang;) distribution within the emerging soft regions approaches that of the interfacial region in its undeformed state, initiating an instability with similarities to the transition to turbulence. Correspondingly, no SBs arise when the material is so thin that the entire material can be approximately described as being "interfacial " in nature. We also quantify relaxation in the glass and the nature and origin of highly non-Gaussian particle displacements in the dynamically heterogeneous SB regions at times longer than the caging time.
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