Molecular Simulations of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium of Isocyanates
A Emelianova and GY Gor, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 125, 11528-11538 (2021).
The wide range of applications of the isocyanates across multiple industries sparks the interest in the study of their phase behavior. A molecular simulation is a powerful tool that can go beyond experimental investigations relying on a molecular structure of a chemical. The success of a molecular simulation relies on a description of the system, namely, force field, and its parameterization on reproducing properties of interest. In this work, we propose a united-atom force field based on the transferable potentials for phase equilibria (TraPPE) to model the vapor-liquid phase behavior of isocyanates. With Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation methods and the introduced force field, we modeled vapor-liquid equilibrium for a family of linear mono- isocyanates, from methyl isocyanate to hexyl isocyanate, and hexamethylene diisocyanate. Additionally, we performed similar calculations for methyl, ethyl, and butyl isocyanates based on the all- atom GAFF-IC force field available in the literature for modeling isocyanate viscosities. We showed that the developed TraPPE-based force field generally overperformed the GAFF-IC force field and overall showed excellent performance in modeling phase behavior of isocyanates. Based on the simulated vapor pressures for the considered compounds, we estimated the Antoine equation parameters to calculate the vapor pressure in a range of temperatures. The predictions are of particular use in the investigation of thermodynamic properties for those isocyanates lacking experimental vapor pressure data. Results can also be employed in modeling the phase behavior of isocyanate mixtures to investigate their sensing and capturing. Furthermore, from the vapor- liquid equilibrium binodals, we predicted the critical properties of isocyanates which can be used in thermodynamic models based on an equation of state.
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