Thermal Transport in Multidimensional Silicon-Graphene Hybrid Nanostructures

W Gong and R Garg and RQ Guo and S Lee and T Cohen-Karni and S Shen, ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 13, 50206-50212 (2021).

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c08093

In this work, we fabricate multidimensional silicon-graphene hybrid nanostructures composed of three-dimensional (3D) out-of-plane graphene flakes on a silicon nanowire core. By changing the synthesis temperature (700 and 1100 degrees C) and time (5, 10, and 20 min), we obtain two different types of 3D graphene flakes with tunable dimensions and structure parameters. We characterize the thermal transport behavior of this hybrid multidimensional material in a broad temperature range of 20-460 K. With different morphologies and structures, the effective thermal conductivity of the silicon-graphene hybrid nanostructures varies from 1 to 7 W/(m.K) at room temperature. We also apply molecular dynamics simulation and density functional theory to elucidate the thermal transport mechanisms in the silicon-graphene hybrid nanostructures.

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