Mechanical ductile detwinning in CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite
L Yang and JJ Liu and YW Lin and K Xu and XZ Cao and ZS Zhang and JY Wu, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 23, 21863-21873 (2021).
Twin boundaries (TBs) were identified to show conflicting positive/negative effects on the physical properties of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskites, but their effects on the mechanical properties are still unclear. Herein, the tensile characteristics of a variety of TB- dominated bicrystalline CH3NH3PbI3 perovskites are explored using molecular simulations. The results show that TB-containing CH3NH3PbI3 perovskites can be classified into four types based on their tensile ductile detwinning characteristics. Type I is characterized by smooth loading flow stress-strain responses, originating from relatively uniform stress distribution induced gradual amorphization in the TB region. Types II and III are represented by a sudden drop in loading stresses but then distinct ductile flow stress-strain curves, resulting from limited and large-area amorphizations of TB-involved structures, respectively. However, Type IV is highlighted by double apparent peaks in the loading curve, followed by a ductile flow response, originating from the stress-concentration of localization-to-globalization in the TB region, as well as amorphization. This study provides critical insights into the mechanical characteristics of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskites and indicates that TB engineering is a promising strategy to design mechanically robust hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite-based device systems.
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