Machine Learning Directed Optimization of Classical Molecular Modeling Force Fields

BJ Befort and RS DeFever and GM Tow and AW Dowling and EJ Maginn, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL INFORMATION AND MODELING, 61, 4400-4414 (2021).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.1c00448

Accurate force fields are necessary for predictive molecular simulations. However, developing force fields that accurately reproduce experimental properties is challenging. Here, we present a machine learning directed, multiobjective optimization workflow for force field parametrization that evaluates millions of prospective force field parameter sets while requiring only a small fraction of them to be tested with molecular simulations. We demonstrate the generality of the approach and identify multiple low-error parameter sets for two distinct test cases: simulations of hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) and an ammonium perchlorate (AP) crystal phase. We discuss the challenges and implications of our force field optimization workflow.

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