Vibration Control of Diamond Nanothreads by Lattice Defect Introduction for Application in Nanomechanical Sensors
XW Lei and K Bando and JX Shi, NANOMATERIALS, 11, 2241 (2021).
Carbon nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene sheets (GSs), have been adopted as resonators in vibration-based nanomechanical sensors because of their extremely high stiffness and small size. Diamond nanothreads (DNTs) are a new class of one- dimensional carbon nanomaterials with extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Their structures are similar to that of diamond in that they possess sp(3)-bonds formed by a covalent interaction between multiple benzene molecules. In this study, we focus on investigating the mechanical properties and vibration behaviors of DNTs with and without lattice defects and examine the influence of density and configuration of lattice defects on the two them in detail, using the molecular dynamics method and a continuum mechanics approach. We find that Young's modulus and the natural frequency can be controlled by alternating the density of the lattice defects. Furthermore, we investigate and explore the use of DNTs as resonators in nanosensors. It is shown that applying an additional extremely small mass or strain to all types of DNTs significantly changes their resonance frequencies. The results show that, similar to CNTs and GSs, DNTs have potential application as resonators in nano-mass and nano-strain sensors. In particular, the vibration behaviors of DNT resonators can be controlled by alternating the density of the lattice defects to achieve the best sensitivities.
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