A modified nudged elastic band algorithm with adaptive spring lengths
D Mandelli and M Parrinello, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 155, 074103 (2021).
We present a modified version of the nudged elastic band (NEB) algorithm to find minimum energy paths connecting two known configurations. We show that replacing the harmonic band-energy term with a discretized version of the Onsager-Machlup action leads to a NEB algorithm with adaptive spring lengths that automatically increase the resolution of the minimum energy path around the saddle point of the potential energy surface. The method has the same computational cost per optimization step of the standard NEB algorithm and does not introduce additional parameters. We present applications to the isomerization of alanine dipeptide, the elimination of hydrogen from ethane, and the healing of a 5-77-5 defect in graphene.
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