Molecular dynamics simulation of AFM tip-based hot scratching of nanocrystalline GaAs

PF Fan and S Goel and XC Luo and YD Yan and YQ Geng and Y He and YZ Wang, MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING, 130, 105832 (2021).

DOI: 10.1016/j.mssp.2021.105832

GaAs is a hard, brittle material and its cutting at room-temperature is rather difficult, so the work explored whether hot conditions improve its cutting performance or not. Atomic force microscope (AFM) tip-based hot machining of the (0 1 0) oriented single crystal GaAs was simulated using molecular dynamics (MD). Three representative temperatures 600 K, 900 K and 1200 K (below the melting temperature of similar to 1511 K) were used to cut GaAs to benchmark against the cutting performance at 300 K using indicators such as the cutting forces, kinetic coefficient of friction, cutting temperature, shear plane angle, sub-surface damage depth, shear strain in the cutting zone, and stress on the diamond tip. Hotter conditions resulted in the reduction of cutting forces by 25% however, the kinetic coefficient of friction went up by about 8%. While material removal rate was found to increase with the increase of the substrate temperature, it was accompanied by an increase of the sub- surface damage in the substrate. Simulations at 300 K showed four major types of dislocations with Burgers vector 1/ 2 < 110 >, 1/6 < 112 >, < 0-11 > and 1/2 < 1-12 > underneath the cutting zone and these were found to cause ductile response in zinc-blende GaAs. Lastly, a phenomenon of chip densification was found to occur during hot cutting which referred to the fact that the amorphous cutting chips obtained from cutting at low temperature will have lower density than the chips obtained from cutting at higher temperatures.

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