Multicore Assemblies from Three-Component Linear Homo-Copolymer Systems: A Coarse-Grained Modeling Study
SJ Nikkhah and E Turunen and A Lepo and T Ala-Nissila and M Sammalkorpi, POLYMERS, 13, 2193 (2021).
Multicore polymer micelles and aggregates are assemblies that contain several cores. The dual-length-scale compartmentalized solvophobic- solvophilic molecular environment makes them useful for, e.g., advanced drug delivery, high-precision synthesis platforms, confined catalysis, and sensor device applications. However, designing and regulating polymer systems that self-assemble to such morphologies remains a challenge. Using dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulations, we demonstrate how simple, three-component linear polymer systems consisting of free solvophilic and solvophobic homopolymers, and di- block copolymers, can self-assemble in solution to form well-defined multicore assemblies. We examine the polymer property range over which multicore assemblies can be expected and how the assemblies can be tuned both in terms of their morphology and structure. For a fixed degree of polymerization, a certain level of hydrophobicity is required for the solvophobic component to lead to formation of multicore assemblies. Additionally, the transition from single-core to multicore requires a relatively high solvophobicity difference between the solvophilic and solvophobic polymer components. Furthermore, if the solvophilic polymer is replaced by a solvophobic species, well-defined multicore- multicompartment aggregates can be obtained. The findings provide guidelines for multicore assemblies' formation from simple three- component systems and how to control polymer particle morphology and structure.
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