Irradiation-enhanced torsional buckling capacity of carbon nanotube bundles
J Wallace and D Chen and L Shao, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 128, 195902 (2020).
Molecular dynamics simulations are used to understand the torsional buckling of pristine and irradiated carbon nanotube (CNT) bundles. Irradiation-induced inter-tube defects are shown to significantly increase the critical buckling torque and critical buckling angle, while slightly increasing the torsional stiffness. In contrast, intra-tube defects are found to degrade the torsional properties. Such competing interactions cause irradiation enhancement to occur in large bundles where significant inter-tube bonding can occur. However, the irradiation enhancement effect becomes weak for very large bundles in which enhanced inter-tube interactions already exist in unirradiated bundles. In pristine CNT bundles of all sizes under torsional loading, CNTs can slip via the weakly interacting van der Waals force, whereas in the irradiated bundles, the inter-tube defects prevent slipping. The study further shows that the formation of one-dimensional carbon chain defects contributes to enhanced friction under slipping.
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