Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Mineral Surface Wettability by Water Versus CO2: Thin Films, Contact Angles, and Capillary Pressure in a Silica Nanopore
EWH Sun and IC Bourg, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 124, 25382-25395 (2020).
The wettability of mineral surfaces is an important property influencing multiphase flow in soils and sedimentary rocks. In particular, for CO2 abatement technologies that rely on trapping supercritical CO2 in sedimentary formations, the wettability of relevant mineral surfaces by water is a poorly constrained fundamental property influencing stratigraphic and residual trapping. Theoretical studies have noted that adsorbed water films may hold a key to resolving many of the discrepancies in reported wettability data, but the transition from the droplet to the film is difficult to observe experimentally. The link between continuum and nanoscale observations can be elucidated using molecular dynamics (MD) and thermodynamic equations. We simulate water and CO2 at various pressures between quartz surfaces to probe the thickness of the adsorbed water film observed between the CO2 and quartz, and the radius of curvature of the fluid-fluid interface as a function of CO2 pressure. These results are discussed in the context of the relevant interfacial energies and Young's equation and the Gibbs CO2 surface excesses at various interfaces. We show that the augmented Young-Laplace equation accurately captures the relationship between the observed radius of curvature, the capillary pressure between the bulk fluid phases, and the disjoining pressure in the adsorbed water film. We examine the thermodynamics of thin water films in novel depth and present a new methodology for characterizing circularity approaching a mineral interface and for comparing continuum and nanoscale manifestations of wettability. We find that discrepancies in both the experimental and MD database may be influenced by proximity to solid surfaces and adsorbed wetting films.
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