Nanoscale thin-film flows with thermal fluctuations and slip
YX Zhang and JE Sprittles and DA Lockerby, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 102, 053105 (2020).
The combined effects of thermal fluctuations and liquid-solid slip on nanoscale thin-film flows are investigated using stochastic lubrication equations (SLEs). The previous no-slip SLE for films on plates is extended to consider slip effects and a new SLE for films on fibers is derived, using a long-wave approximation to fluctuating hydrodynamics. Analytically derived capillary spectra, which evolve in time, are found from the new SLEs and compared to molecular dynamics simulations. It is shown that thermal fluctuations lead to the generation and growth of surface waves, and slip accelerates this growth. SLEs developed here provide useful tools to study nanoscale film dewetting, nanofiber coating, and liquid transport using nanofibers.
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