Anharmonicities in the temperature-dependent bending rigidity of BC3 monolayer
MS Mrudul and S Thomas and KM Ajith, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS, 146, 109574 (2020).
The present work investigated the temperature-dependent thermodynamic and structural characteristics of graphene-like monolayer boron carbide (g-BC3) using classical molecular dynamics simulations. Herein, we mainly focused on the temperature dependence of mean square displacement of thermally stimulated ripples and bending rigidity of g-BC3. We observed that at high temperatures, the specific heat capacity at constant volume exhibits a significant increase beyond the limit of Dulong-Petit value due to the presence of anharmonicity in the g-BC3. Besides, the linear thermal expansion coefficient is found to be negative owing to the excitation of low-frequency bending vibrations in the out-of-plane orientation. Studies reveal that the out-of-plane of height fluctuations and bending rigidity are fully dependent on temperature and are described using the continuum theory of membranes. Moreover, the study on the height fluctuation and correlation shows variation from the estimation of the harmonic theory of membranes as a consequence of the anharmonic features of g-BC3. We believe that our study will provide a notable contribution to numerous applications of g-BC3 including nano-electromechanical (NEMS) devices to become a reality.
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